Sloths: Being one is no sin whatever you may think

July 23, 2017 mammal 0

Of all the anthropomorphic garbage that gets hurled at innocent species, perhaps the sloths are most sinned against. There are two families Megalonychidae (“two-toed” sloths) and Bradypodidae (three-toed sloths).  All actually have three toes but the former have only two visible fingers. This group belongs to the superorder Xenarthra, a group of mammals that evolved in South […]

Springhares: The kangaroo hop-alike

July 19, 2017 mammal 0

The springhare are two remaining species of the family Pedetidae(meaning long foot). This family probably evolved in the Pliocene, around five million years ago. They are most closely related to the Laotian Rock Rats and are not hares but rodents. The two species exist almost entirely in the scrubs and […]

Beavers: Dam builders extraordinaire

July 18, 2017 mammal 0

The beavers or castor canadensis ( North American) and castor fiber (Eurasian) are the two species left of the family castoridae (from the anal secretion called castoreus). They probably evolved in the Miocene epoch(23 million years ago). Their nearest relatives are Dassie Rats and not muskrats as previously thought. The word beaver […]

Paca

Pacas: nothing is a hard nut to crack

July 14, 2017 mammal 0

A paca is a member of the genus Cuniculus ( it means of the water) of ground-dwelling, herbivorous rodents in South and Central America. It is the only genus in the family Cuniculidae and has two species, the lowland Paca ( very imaginatively, this means “animal”) and the mountain Paca. […]